Best CSPM Tools

by John Cirelly - Last Updated: March 31, 2022

Best CSPM Tools

Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) automates the detection and remediation of threats in cloud infrastructures such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS). CSPM can apply best practices for cloud security across hybrid, multi-cloud, and container systems universally, and can be used for risk visualization and assessment, incident response, compliance monitoring, and DevOps integration.

Importance of CSPM

A cloud may join and disconnect with hundreds or even thousands of other networks throughout a day. Clouds are powerful because of their dynamic nature, but they are also difficult to protect. The difficulty of safeguarding cloud-based systems gets increasingly significant as a cloud-first attitude becomes the norm.

Traditional security does not operate in the cloud because of the following reasons:

  • There is no perimeter to protect
  • Manual operations cannot be carried out at the required scale or speed
  • Due to a lack of centralization, achieving visibility is incredibly challenging

While cloud computing saves money in the long run, the security component of the jigsaw can eat into the ROI since there are so many moving parts to handle — microservices, containers, Kubernetes, serverless functions, and so on. The famed cybersecurity skills gap is particularly pertinent here, as new technologies emerge quicker than organizations can locate security specialists with relevant experience.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is a concept that combines these new technologies by allowing infrastructure to be controlled and provisioned using machine-readable definition files.

This API-driven approach is critical in cloud-first environments because it allows for quick infrastructure changes while also making it easy to program in misconfigurations that leave the environment vulnerable. According to Gartner, misconfigurations account for 95 percent of all security breaches, costing businesses almost $5 trillion between 2018 and 2019.

The greatest vulnerability of all lies behind all of these problems: a lack of visibility. There are hundreds of thousands of instances and accounts in settings as complicated and fluid as the typical enterprise cloud, and understanding what or who is running where and doing what is only conceivable through sophisticated automation. Without it, vulnerabilities caused by misconfigurations can go undiscovered for days, weeks, or even months, or until a breach occurs.

Cloud security posture management tackles these concerns by continuously monitoring cloud risk through prevention, detection, response, and prediction of where risk will occur next.

Benefits of CSPM

Intentional and unintentional risk are the two categories of risk. The majority of cloud security products concentrate on deliberate: external attacks and hostile insiders. Unintentional errors, such as leaving sensitive data in S3 buckets exposed to the public, can – and can – cause massive damage.

For example, in November 2020, at least 10 million files containing sensitive data belonging to travelers and travel brokers were exposed due to an incorrectly configured S3 bucket. That’s just the latest in a string of high-profile leaks that have afflicted some of the world’s most powerful companies and governments in recent years.

Instead of needing to monitor different consoles and normalize data from multiple suppliers, Cloud Security Posture Management strives to prevent those unintentional vulnerabilities by offering consistent visibility across multi-cloud systems. Misconfigurations are automatically avoided, and time-to-value is shortened.

Because the alerts are sent from a single system rather than six or more, CSPMs reduce alert fatigue, and false positives are reduced thanks to artificial intelligence. As a result, the productivity of the security operations center (SOC) improves.

Because CSPMs are always monitoring and assessing the environment to ensure that compliance regulations are being followed. Corrective procedures can be taken automatically if drift is identified.

Of course, with continuous scans of the entire infrastructure, CSPM discovers hidden dangers, and faster detection implies faster treatment.

The Inner Workings of CSPM

Discovery and visibility, misconfiguration management and remediation, continuous threat monitoring, and DevSecOps integration are all provided by Cloud Security Posture Management:

  • Discovery and Visibility Cloud infrastructure assets and security configurations are discovered and visible using CSPM. Across several cloud settings and accounts, users can access a single source of truth. Misconfigurations, metadata, networking, security, and modification activity are all found automatically when the cloud is deployed. A single console is used to administer security group settings across accounts, regions, projects, and virtual networks.
  • Misconfiguration Management and Remediation By comparing cloud application configurations to industry and organizational benchmarks, CSPM lowers security risks and speeds up the delivery process, allowing violations to be recognized and remedied in real-time. Misconfigurations, open IP ports, illegal changes, and other issues that expose cloud resources can be corrected using guided remediation, and guardrails are offered to help developers avoid making mistakes. Storage is constantly monitored to ensure that the appropriate permissions are always in place and that data is never unintentionally made public. In addition, database instances are monitored for high availability, backups, and encryption.
  • Continuous Threat Detection With a targeted threat identification and management strategy, CSPM proactively detects risks across the application development lifecycle, cutting through the noise of multi-cloud environment security warnings. Because the CSPM concentrates on the areas that adversaries are most likely to target, vulnerabilities are prioritized based on the environment, and vulnerable code is stopped from reaching production, the number of warnings is reduced. Using real-time threat detection, the CSPM will continuously monitor the environment for malicious activity, unauthorized activity, and unauthorized access to cloud services.
  • DevSecOps Integration CSPM decreases friction and complexity across many cloud providers and accounts by reducing overhead. Agentless posture management, which is cloud-native, gives centralized visibility and control over all cloud resources. Security operations and DevOps teams will have a single source of truth, and security teams will be able to prevent compromised assets from continuing through the app lifecycle.

To improve visibility and collect insights and context concerning misconfigurations and policy breaches, the CSPM should be connected with the SIEM.

The CSPM should also interact with existing DevOps toolsets, allowing for quicker remediation and reaction inside the DevOps toolset. Reporting and dashboards allow security operations, DevOps, and infrastructure teams to share information. 

The Best  CSPM Tools

Following are some of the popular CSPM tools used by both small and enterprise-level businesses.

1. Datadog

Datadog APM

Datadog monitoring software can be installed on-premises or as a cloud-based service (SaaS). Datadog is compatible with Windows, Linux, and macOS X. AWS, Microsoft Azure, Red Hat OpenShift, and Google Cloud Platform are among the cloud service providers supported.

Its notable features include:

  • Provides a single view of an IT/DevOps team’s infrastructure (including servers, apps, metrics, and other services)
  • Dashboards that can be customized
  • Alerts are sent out in response to important concerns
  • Over 250 product integrations are supported
  • Logs, latency, and error rates are automatically collected and analyzed
  • Allows you to use the API
  • Applications built in Java, Python, PHP, .NET, Go, Node, and Ruby are supported

Datadog’s agent is written in Go, and its backend is comprised of Apache Cassandra, PostgreSQL, and Kafka. Datadog uses a Rest Application Program Interface (API) to link with a variety of services, tools, and programming languages.

Kubernetes, Chef, Puppet, Ansible, Ubuntu, and Bitbucket are just a few of the integrations available. The user interface features dashboards that may be customized to present graphs made up of numerous data sources in real-time. Datadog may also notify consumers when there are performance difficulties with any set of metrics, such as compute rates.

2. CrowdStrike Horizon

crowdstrike dashboard

Agentless cloud-native protection that continuously analyses your environment for misconfigurations eliminates security blind spots. CrowdStrike Falcon Horizon provides a single source of truth for cloud resources, giving you total visibility into your multi-cloud environment.

Its notable features include:

  • Continuous intelligent monitoring of cloud resources to discover misconfigurations and threats before they become a problem.
  • Secure cloud application deployment with increased speed and efficiency.
  • Across multi-cloud environments, unified visibility, and control.
  • Security concerns are addressed using a step-by-step approach.
  • Developers can use guardrails to help them avoid making costly mistakes.
  • Threat detection is targeted to reduce alert fatigue.
  • Integration with SIEM solutions is seamless.

Not only do you obtain useful information and insights into your entire security posture, but you also get advice on how to avoid future security issues.

3. CloudGuard Posture Management

CloudGuard Posture Management

CloudGuard Posture Management is an API-based agentless Software as a Service (SaaS) cloud compliance and orchestration platform that automates governance across multi-cloud assets and services as part of the CloudGuard Cloud-Native Security Platform. Misconfiguration detection, security posture assessment, and visualization are among the services offered, as are implementing security best practices and compliance frameworks.

Its notable features include:

  • CloudGuard Posture Management allows users to apply gold standard standards across projects, accounts, virtual networks, and regions. Users may see their security posture and target, prioritize, and automatically remediate issues.
  • CloudGuard Posture Management guarantees that users follow regulatory standards and security best practices automatically. Users are kept up to date on their security and compliance status through thorough reporting.
  • Users can prohibit access to important tasks using privileged identity protection, which is based on Identity Access Management (IAM) roles and users. CloudGuard Posture Management monitors and audits IAM users and roles for unusual behavior regularly.

4. Lacework

Lacework

Lacework is a data-driven cloud security platform that automates cloud security at scale, allowing users to innovate swiftly and securely. Lacework collects, evaluates, and correlates data across an organization’s Kubernetes, AWS, Azure, and GCP systems with pinpoint accuracy, then distills it down to a few key security events. Lacework differentiates itself from its competition by providing automated intrusion detection, security visibility, one-click investigation, and easier cloud compliance.

Its notable features include:

  • Lacework keeps companies informed about all activity on all of their cloud platform resources by recognizing new activity in an area, recording changes to policies, roles, and accounts, and informing users.
  • Lacework identifies IAM flaws, checks for logging best practices, monitors critical account activities such as unauthorized API calls and ensures secure network configurations to ensure users aren’t missing anything.
  • Lacework users may keep their compliance and security up to date by performing a daily re-audit. Lacework analyses account activity for unusual activities regardless of authorized status.

5. Fugue

Fugue

Fugue is a cloud security and compliance platform that secures the full development lifecycle with a unified policy engine powered by the Open Policy Agent (OPA). Fugue gives security and cloud engineering teams more trust in cloud security, allowing them to work more efficiently. Users can use Fugue to perform pre-deployment security checks on CloudFormation, AWS, Kubernetes manifests, and docker files, and receive actionable remedial feedback via developer-friendly tools.

Its notable features include:

  • Organizations can apply compliance and security consistently across the software development lifecycle with Fugue’s open-source policy engine.
  • By continuously taking snapshots of customer cloud settings to capture comprehensive cloud resource setups, relationships, attributes, and drift, Fugue’s resource data engine provides users with deep visualization and reporting capabilities.
  • The Regula policy engine in Fugue helps customers protect their CloudFormation and Terraform IAC at every level of creation and deployment.

6. Threat Stack

Threat Stack

By providing full-stack observability, the Threat Stack Cloud Security Platform bridges the gap between development, security, and operations, enhancing overall organizational efficiency for users. The cloud management dashboard, container, host, orchestration, and serverless layers all have observability. Threat Stack enables enterprises to identify known dangers at scale and quickly detect anomalies in their computer infrastructures.

Its notable features include:

  • Through absorbing data from AWS CloudTrail, Threat Stack CSPM warns customers of changes performed, such as instances spun up in unused regions.
  • Threat Stack’s approach to IAM policies includes monitoring your AWS accounts to ensure that users are following the policies, such as root access and password requirements.
  • Users may see an inventory of servers and instances across many AWS accounts thanks to visibility. They may also see important details such as ID, IP, region, type, and so on.
  • By scanning configurations across core AWS services, Threat Stack collects information from numerous AWS profiles for users.

7. Trend Micro Hybrid Cloud Security Solution

Trend Micro Hybrid Cloud Security Solution

The Trend Micro Hybrid Cloud Security Solution is a cloud security platform aimed at cloud builders. It provides a comprehensive and unified cloud security solution that makes it simple for users to safeguard cloud infrastructure. The robust security allows customers to make use of the cloud’s benefits and efficiencies for their organizations. Trend Micro Hybrid not only supports all major cloud platforms but also solutions that connect directly into DevOps processes and toolchains.

Its notable features include:

  • Trend Micro Hybrid Cloud automates the detection and protection of cloud environments while protecting the network layer, providing simple and adaptable cloud security throughout the migration and expansion processes.
  • Trend Micro Cloud One provides application security that is up to date with modern development technologies and techniques, ensuring that your cloud services are protected, detected, and adhere to security best practices.

8. BMC Helix Cloud Security

BMC Helix Cloud Security

BMC Helix Cloud Security automates cloud configuration security checks and remediation without requiring any coding, allowing services like Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) to have a secure and consistent setup with an audit trail. By integrating compliance and security testing into service delivery and cloud operations, BMC Helix Cloud Security improves governance and reduces risk. Its key features are:

  • For users who employ Center for Internet Security (CIS) policies for cloud assets, BMC Helix Cloud Security automates cloud security posture management.
  • Self-driving remediation, automatic remediation via an easy UI, and custom remediation support are all features of the software that make the repair process easier for users.
  • BMC Helix Cloud Security includes policies such as CIS, GDPR, and PCI. Custom policies are also supported by BMC Helix.

Choosing amongst CSPM Tools

The ideal CSPM tool depends on your specific demands in comparison to the tool that best addresses these pain areas. When you’ve narrowed your options down to a few tools with similar capabilities, pricing will be a deciding factor.

For special pricing information on most of the mentioned tools, you’ll need to contact the seller. However, many of them include free trials or demos, allowing you to try out the tools and narrow down your options based on hands-on functionality, performance, user experience, or plain preference.